The Truth About Dino M. Zaffina
The Ninth Circuit has Dino M. Zaffina's Appeal.

Appellant Dino M. Zaffina

Appellant's Opening Brief

(No. 13-55780)

 

Appellant's Excerpts of Record

(No. 13-55780)

 

On March 7, 2013, the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit took two interlocutory appeals under submission in the matter of Southern California Darts Association v. Southern California Darts Association, Inc., et al. (No. 12-55951 and No. 12-56173).

Due to a legal manuever by the trial court, prompted by an urgent request by plaintiff, the two interlocutory appeals were rendered moot because the trial court unethically vacated the preliminary injunction and issued a permanent injunction. The trial court's maneuver was clearly done to circumvent the appellate procedure and avoid the trial court's decisions from being overturned by the Ninth Circuit.

The dismissal of the interlocutory appeals was only a minor setback for the defendants and a temporary reprieve for the trial court and the plaintiff. Defendant, Dino M. Zaffina filed an appeal (No. 13-55780) on the final judgment and the matter will be decided by the Ninth Circuit sometime in 2014.

The appeal is requesting the Ninth Circuit to decide the following enumerated issues and lettered subissues:

1. Lack of subject matter jurisdiction.

a. Is there federal common law of trademark infringement?

b. Does a federal district court have subject matter jurisdiction over a nonfederal question where there is no diversity of citizenship between the parties?

c. Can a federal district court extend trademark benefits (via registration or otherwise) to those who violate the law?

2. Lack of capacity to sue.

a. Does a 35-year old defunct corporation have capacity to sue in federal district court?

b. Does an unlawful unincorporated association have capacity to sue in federal district court?

c. Does an individual with no legal rights to a tradename or mark have capacity to sue in federal district court?

3. Lack of standing to sue.

a. Does a 35-year old defunct corporation have standing to sue in federal district court?

b. Does an unlawful unincorporated association have standing to sue in federal district court?

c. Does an individual with no legal rights to a tradename or mark have standing to sue in federal district court?

4. Lack of lawful use in commerce.

a. Is lawful use in commerce of a tradename a condition precedent to registration or common law trademark rights?

b. Does unlawful use in commerce of a tradename support trademark rights?

c. Does a plaintiff’s unlawful use in commerce give rise to the unclean hands defense by a defendant in a trademark infringement claim?

5. Lack of legal entity status.

a. Is a 35-year old defunct corporation a legal entity for trademark rights purposes?

b. Is an unlawful unincorporated association a legal entity for trademark rights purposes?

c. Is a lawful unincorporated association a legal entity for trademark rights purposes?

d. Does a plaintiff’s failure to cure a tradename defect for 35-years give rise to the abandonment defense by a defendant in a trademark infringement claim?

6. Lack of due process of law.

a. Can a federal district court render a decision on a motion for summary judgment when the affected party was not given due process of law?

b. Is evidence from a witness lacking personal knowledge of its validity, presented to the federal district court, admissible for the Court’s determination of a final judgment?

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